Lectures on the Philosophy of History, also translated as Lectures on the Philosophy of World History (LPH; German: Vorlesungen über die Philosophie der Weltgeschichte, VPW), is a major work by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831), originally given as … In his Introduction to Lectures on the Philosophy of World History (1837), Hegel argues that there are three ways of doing history. Hegel believes in the “rationality of the event”. He maintains that history bears witness to the fact that freedom is not granted to everyone, and that despotism, where a single person rules with absolute power, is a situation that destroys the principles of humanity. Quotations. To understand history, we must first understand the intentions for the world - the bigger picture. Hegel’s philosophy, System and Absolute: Hegel’s philosophy must embrace everything, to understand reality in its totality, think history and things, “Insight and understanding what is”. World history represents the spiritual development of mankind - in short, as Maya Angelou once said, "when we know better, we do better". Written by Polly Barbour and other people who wish to remain anonymous. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. In this way Hegel does not believe that evil exists in a vacuum, or as a psychological condition that just happens for no reason at all. Summary Read a brief overview of the work, or chapter by chapter summaries. All that remains for this introduction is to consider the course of world history. To understand evil, we have to understand the reason for it. GradeSaver, 8 March 2019 Web. Barbour, Polly, et al. This is Hegel's least favorite type of history because it almost always includes some element of bias, according to the identity of the historian and their position on political and world events. To quote Hegel himself in his Introduction to the Philosophy of History: Spirit does not toss itself about in the external play of chance occurrences; on the contrary, it is that which determines history absolutely, and it stands firm against the chance occurrences which it dominates and exploits for its own purpose." Platos' Republic, Eastern vs. Western metaphysics and philosophy. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. An example of an original historian would be Herodotus, whose writings were informative but largely personal. Hegel believes that by studying ancient cultures and civilizations, and studying the developments that they have made as they move into their own future, The downfall to this is that Hegel needed to rely upon the European study of Ancient Civilizations, presenting him with the same kind of cultural bias that he specifically rails against in earlier lectures. Then there is reflective history. You can help us out by revising, improving and updating For Hegel, history, and progress, begins in the East (China, Persia) and culminates in the West (Germany). He believes that everything that happens is governed by design, and in this way, the study of history itself becomes a study of truth and reason. Hegel tells us that there are three different ways to study history. Historical change, seen abstractly, has long been understood generally as involving a progress toward the better, the more perfect. An editor … Why do we study History? Lectures on the Philosophy of History study guide contains a biography of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Lectures on the Philosophy of History Summary, Read the Study Guide for Lectures on the Philosophy of History…, View Wikipedia Entries for Lectures on the Philosophy of History…. Hamlet Much Ado About Nothing Pride and Prejudice The Scarlet Letter Things Fall Apart Stanley Milgram : Obedience to Authority Experiments, Conformity under Social Pressure : Solomon Asch, Stephen Fry quotations and quotes on God and Religion, Stephen Fry's controversial interview on Irish TV, Famous quotations and quotes about ~ Learning from History, Oswald Spengler ~ The Decline of the West, Ralph Waldo Emerson's most famous essay - History, Ralph Waldo Emerson's Philosophy of History, The Importance of History. There's original history, which is like an eye-witness testimony. Now that Hegel has introduced the subject of philosophy into his lectures on history, he expounds on this theme. Hegel also contradicts his former view of the value of empirical history, when he closes his lectures by suggesting that history changes according to one's own views and experiences. After you claim a section you’ll have 24 hours to send in a draft. He concludes that the most fair and beneficial situation for man is a constitutional monarchy, with a monarch embodying the spirit of fairness and freedom for all, whilst acting as a kind of pastoral carer for his or her citizens. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. this section. A short summary of Hegel's Philosophy of History This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Philosophy of History. Philosophy of History was written by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and published in 1837. Why is History important? The study of history is not meant to be a pleasurable pursuit; in fact, Hegel believes that periods of happiness in history are worthless when it comes to studying it. It is recorded in real time, so although it leans towards the viewpoint of the person witnessing it, it also has no first person assessments of what it means, because its effects aren't known yet. Original history refers to first-hand accounts of events, actions and situations, collected or verified by the historian himself. Hegel believes in philosophical history, because the historian has to set their own opinions and feelings aside, and instead seek out the overall intentions and ideas of the people involved, rather than imposing their own preconceptions on the events. Change in nature, no matter how infinitely varied it is, shows only a cycle of constant repetition. The Lectures on the Philosophy of History Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by community members like you. However, if he sees this irony, he does not mention it, and he chastises those historians who discount ancient cultures and their philosophies purely because they happen to not be European.
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