Woodland Voles are commonly found on the edges of forests including areas near roads and railway tracks and field margins (Ross 1998). 1986; Hamilton 1938; Solomon et al. Mesocarnivores of northern California: biology, management, and survey techniques, workshop manual. 2005). Less typically, Woodland Voles are found in scrubby sand dunes (Banfield 1974). The Mammals of Eastern Canada. Physiological Zoology 71: 611-623. The maximum dispersal distance recorded for Woodland Voles is 308 m (Goertz 1971). Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, 1964. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. There are few data on dispersal behaviour or the characteristics of dispersing individuals but Briese and Smith (1974) reported that all dispersing Woodland Voles were adults. Although development has caused habitat loss near South Bolton, this is in an area with little current habitat fragmentation and thus some development should not cause declines in Woodland Voles (M. Léveillé, pers. Agricultural development played a historical role in the loss of Woodland Vole habitat but the rate has slowed (Henson et al. There is no evidence to suggest its status has changed since it was last assessed. 1995. Proceedings of the 5th Eastern Pine and Meadow Vole Symposium. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. When sensing danger or when surprised, woodland voles make a high pitched noise that may serve as a warning signal. 535-565. in R.H. Tamarin (ed.). Zammit. McGuire, B. and W.E. Oliveras, D. and M. Novak. These species could ambush voles running in tunnels or runways (Pearson 1985). Web site: [Accessed March 2010]. Estep, and R.L. Scientific name Microtus pinetorum. voles in tunnels, mice above ground). Madison. having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Biology and ecology of feral, free-roaming and stray cats. Some decline in quality and loss of habitat in Ontario. Journal of Mammalogy 66: 338-347. Getz. Zoologist, Natural Heritage Information Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Government of Ontario, Peterborough, Ontario. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario. The Canadian range of Woodland Voles appears limited by their ability to cope with low winter temperatures (Ross 1998). Andrén, H. 1994. Biology of New World Microtus. Humidities in vole runways. Kirkpatrick. Queens Printer for Ontario. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. However, more than 75% of the forested land in the Woodland Vole’s Québec range is privately owned (Ressources naturelles et Faune Québec 2009). 1978. 87-92. in K.E. The Integrated Taxonomic Information System currently recognizes 3 subspecies: nemoralis, parvulus, and pinetorum (ITIS 2010). Search in feature Scientific Name: Microtus pinetorum Taxonomy Group: Mammals COSEWIC Range: Ontario, Quebec COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: November 2010 COSEWIC Status: Special Concern COSEWIC Status Criteria: COSEWIC Reason for Designation: . 1979. Sutherland, D.A. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 13: 183-187. 2010. This may allow voles to expand northward assuming that suitable habitat to the north has not been fragmented or converted to other uses. Kirkpatrick. In total, 205 small mammals were captured in snap traps and pitfalls over 1604 trap nights. Gentry, J.B. 1968. 1993. Simpson, G.M. Hofmann, T. Pizzuto and B. Frase. They have been found at four sites since 1956 in Quebec, including the Eastern Townships and the Montérégie administrative region south of Montréal. This date was chosen because little targeted sampling or search effort has been undertaken and recent records are comparatively rare. Given the low sampling effort, current records probably underestimate the species’ distribution in Canada. The breeding season typically occurs from January to November in the northeast US (Smolen 1981), but the start and end varies between populations and among years (Cengel et al.
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